1 May 1863
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On this date in 1863...
The Second National Confederate Flag, "The Stainless Banner" was officially adopted by the Confederate States Congress.
- 1805 - The state of Virginia passed a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk imprisonment or deportation.
- 1807 - Confederate General John B. Magruder was born in Port Royal, Virginia.
- 1833 - A census of the Creek tribe's upper towns registered 14,142 people, including 445 Negro slaves.
- 1841 - The first emigrant wagon train left Independence, Missouri, for California.
- 1852 - Frontier legend Calamity Jane was born as Martha Jane Canary in Princeton Missouri.
- 1863 - The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia began.
- 1863 - The Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi.
- 1864 - The Battle of Alexandria, Louisiana in the Red River Campaign began.
- 1867 - Black voter registration began active Reconstruction in the South.
- 1877 - U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes withdrew all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
- 1889 - Asa Candler published a full-page advertisement in The Atlanta Journal proclaiming his wholesale and retail drug business as the "sole proprietors of Coca-Cola/.
- 1960 - A U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union and its pilot, Francis Gary Powers of Jenkins, Kentucky was taken prisoner.
- 1976 - The Empress Lilly, a replica of a Mississippi River paddle wheeler, was dedicated at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida.
- 1991 - Texas Ranger Nolan Ryan pitched a record 7th no-hitter to beat Toronto 3-0.
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