29 December 1862
On this date in 1862...
Confederate troops under General Joseph E. Johnston repulsed federal General W.T. Sherman's first attempt on Vicksburg at the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi.
- 1776 - Members of the Mingo tribe under Chief Pluggy attacked the stockade at John McClelland's station, a settlement near modern-day Lexington, Kentucky. After many men on both sides were killed, the Mingo gave up the attack.
- 1778 - British troops occupied Savannah, Georgia.
- 1809 - Sovereign Grand Master of the Southern Jurisdiction of Scottish Rite Freemasonry, Confederate General, and Confederate Indian Commissioner, Albert Pike was born.
- 1830 - Nine missionaries issued a proclamation defending the Cherokee against the actions of Georgia for the state’s attempts to remove the tribe from their lands.
- 1835 - The Treaty of New Echota was signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
- 1845 - Texas became the 28th U.S. state.
- 1862 - General Robert E. Lee executed a deed of manumission for (freed) all the slaves of the Custis estate.
- 1930 - Fred P. Newton of Clinton, Oklahoma completed longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans.
- 1982 - Coach Paul “Bear” Bryant coached his final game as Alabama won the Liberty Bowl. Coach Bryant retired with the record for wins by a college football coach at 323.
Read: Why Know Southern History?
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