13 December 1862
On this date in 1962...
Federal General Ambrose E. Burnside wasted 12,653 of his own troops in a doomed frontal attack during the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
- 1801 - In treaty negotiations at Fort Adams, Mississippi, the U.S. agreed to give the Choctaw training in the spinning of cotton, and to provide them spinning wheels
- .1809 - The first abdominal surgical procedure was performed in Danville, Kentucky, on Jane Todd Crawford without an anesthetic.
- 1862 - The Georgia General Assembly created the Georgia State Line Troops.
- 1864 - Ft. McAllister, Georgia fell to General W.T. Sherman's federal invaders.
- 1887 - Alvin York, the most decorated American soldier of WWI was born at Pall Mall, Tennessee.
- 1918 - U.S. President Wilson of Virginia arrived in France, becoming the first chief executive to visit a European country while holding office.
- 1964 - In El Paso, Texas, President Lyndon Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion that diverted the Rio Grande River, reshaped the border, and ended a century-old border dispute.
- 1983 - Martha Layne Collins was inaugurated as Kentucky's first female governor.
- 2000 - The "Texas Seven" escaped from the John Connally Correctional Unit near Kennedy, Texas and went on a crime spree, killing police officer Aubrey Hawkins.
Read: Why Know Southern History?
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